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Configure Blackbox Exporter in Prometheus

In Prometheus you have to configure a distinct job per Exporter per location you want to check your targets with. Target can either be provided as a static list or via the api clients integrated in Prometheus (e.g. Ingresses in Kubernetes)

Configure job

The easiest integration is the static target configuration. Here, you explicitly list the websites you want to check. Below you find an example checking two websites from three locations for a HTTP 200 response code.

  - job_name: blackbox-eu-central
    scrape_interval: 1m
    metrics_path: /blackbox/probe
    scheme: https
      credentials_file: /etc/prometheus/ping7io-token
      module: [http_2xx]
        - eu-central
        - eu-north
        - us-east
      - targets:
      - source_labels: [__address__]
        target_label: __param_target
      - source_labels: [__param_target]
        target_label: instance
      - source_labels: [__address__]
        target_label: __address__

💡 In case of the Blackbox Exporter we recommend that you check every target from at least three locations.

Configuration options

💡 The general configuration options like authentication and scrape interval are described in the general configuration section.

The following configuration options are specfic to the Blackbox Exporter.

Exporter selection

Selects the Blackbox Exporter to scrape.

metrics_path: /blackbox/probe

Find the list of available exporters here.

Module selection

The Blackbox Exporter module describes the check to execute against the target and the check that is perfomed on the response if any. Select a module from the list of available modules.

The http_2xx module executes a HTTP request and checks for a HTTP 200 return code.

  module: [http_2xx]

Check location

Configures the locations to issue the check from.

  location: [eu-central, eu-north, us-east]

Check out the available locations.

Blackbox Exporter Configuration in it’s GitHub Repo

Target selection

Check the general configuration for target selection.